Essay aus dem Jahr 2009 im Fachbereich Politik - Politische Systeme - Allgemeines und Vergleiche, Note: A, South Bank University London (Faculty of Art and Human Sciences), Veranstaltung: European Policy - Seminar Comparative Analysis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: After investigating the active employment measures of the United Kingdom and Germany as well as their reforms of the Employment Services since the creation of the European Employment Strategy in1997, it can be said that Germany adapted huge parts of the British system. The British set the European Employment Strategys agenda and extended their policy model to the European level. Via the European Employment Strategy, the British system significantly changed the German one from a highly protective to a liberal model. The German state transferred the responsibility for protection from employment related common risks of life to the citizens, reducing its own measures to supporting services and a mere guarantee of survival.Although this convergence of Employment Policy was caused by the European Employment Strategy, it did not contribute to the merging of a unified European Employment Policy or to a public awareness of the European Unions role in this policy area. While Germany obviously respected the European Employment Strategy as a superior guidance and treated it as a self standing European Policy, the British used it to extend the reach of their national policies. A real integration of national policies intoan EU-policy did not happen. In the United Kingdom as well as in Germany, the reforms of the employment policies have not been determined and implemented in a process of broad public participation but mostly as a top-down process, with decisions made by a professional elite. The European Employment Strategy with its set of policy methods (Open Methods of Cooperation) hadnot been able to reach its goals of a more democratic policy making and more public awareness of an independent role of the European Union in employment policy.
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Germany Denmark United Kingdom EU28 Sweden Luxembourg Lithuania Estonia Slovakia Slovenia Poland Romania Malta Ireland Chart 2.4: Cumulative growth between 2013 and 2018 (percent) Source: Eurostat, MF calculation -2 0 2 4 6 8 Production Expenditure Income Services* Industry, Construct. Agriculture Net export Investment, Inventories Egyéb Policy Roundtable 1-6: Is Liberal Internationalism … 18.01.2017 · Although there were partisan disagreements in the past, the strength of the dominant narrative of U.S. foreign policy limited the range of acceptable policies elites could defend.  Even if the notion of politics stopping at the water’s edge was overwrought,  the contours and boundaries of the liberal order were sustained by elites from both political parties.
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